Church History*This timeline represents an original compilation by the author.  The inclusion of names of historical persons, various events and creeds are not necessarily an endorsement of the actions and/or theology which they represent.  This is a work in progress and will be continually updated.  Please check the latest updated by date if referencing.

Updated 10/20/2017


Biblical and Christian Church History Timeline

The Old Testament

Days of Creation (Genesis 1:1-2:3)

Day 1. The creation of “the heavens and the earth.” (Genesis 1:1-5, NIV).

Day 2. The separation of waters (Genesis 1:6-8).

Day 3. The gathering of the waters and production of vegetation (Genesis 1:9-13).

Day 4. The separation of day and night, light and darkness (Genesis 1:14-19).

Day 5. The teeming of the waters with “living creatures” (Genesis 1:20-23).

Day 6. The lands production of “living creatures”, and making of “mankind in our image,” (Genesis 1:24-31).

Day 7. The completion of “the heavens and the earth”, the rest of God, and blessing of the “seventh day” (Genesis 2:1-3, NIV).

The Fall of Man (Genesis 3:1-22).

The craftiness of the serpent (Genesis 3:1-6).

The questioning of the man (Genesis 3:7-12).

The questioning of the woman (Genesis 3:13).

The cursing of the serpent (Genesis 3:14-15).

The cursing of the woman (Genesis 3:16).

The cursing of Adam (Genesis 3:17-19).

The naming of Eve by Adam (Genesis 3:20).

The clothing of “Adam and his wife” (Genesis 3:21).

The counsel of God (Genesis 3:22).

The banishment from the Garden of Eden (Genesis 3:23-24).

 

ISRAEL’S STATEHOOD AND EMPIRE c. 1000-922 B.C.[1]

ISRAEL’S DIVIDED MONARCHY TO EXILE 922-586 B.C.[2]

ISRAEL’S AGE OF RESTORATION 538-432 B.C.[3]

THE BABYLONIAN PERIOD 587-539 B.C.[4]

THE PERSIAN PERIOD 539-333 B.C.[5]

THE HELLENISTIC PERIOD 333-63 B.C[6]

168-142 B.C. The Maccabean Revolt.[7]

142-63 B.C. Political Independence for the Jewish Nation.[8]

The New Testament

27 B.C.-A.D. 14 Emperor Augustus.[9]

THE ROMAN PERIOD 63 B.C.-A.D. 1[10]

37 B.C.- A.D. Herod the Great.[11]

APOSTOLIC CHRISTIANITY A.D. 1– 100.[12]

A.D. 6-41 Judea Under Roman Procurators.[13]

A.D. 14-37 Emperor Tiberius.[14]

A.D. 30-67 Pope St. Peter.[15]

A.D. 37-41 Emperor Caligula.[16]

A.D. 41-54 Emperor Claudius.[17]

A.D. 41-44 Agrippa I.[18]

A.D. 54-68 Emperor Nero.[19]

A.D. 66-70 The First Jewish Revolt.[20]

A.D. 67-76 Pope St. Linus.[21]

A.D. 68-69 Emperor Galba.[22]

A.D. 69 Emperor Otho.[23]

A.D. 69-79 Emperor Vespasian.[24]

A.D. 76-88 Pope St. Anacletus.[25]

A.D. 79-81 Emperor Titus.[26]

A.D. 81-96 Emperor Domitian.[27]

A.D. 88-97 Pope St. Clement.[28]

A.D. c. 93 Josephus The Antiquities of the Jews.[29]

A.D. 96-98 Emperor Nerva.[30]

  1. A.D. 97 The First Epistle of Clement to the Corinthians.[31]

A.D. 97-105 Pope St. Evaristus.[32]

A.D. 98-117 Emperor Trajan.[33]

ANTE-NICENE CHRISTIANITY A.D. 100– 325.[34]
A.D. 105-115 Pope St. Alexander.[35]

A.D. 115-125 Pope St. Sixtus.[36]

A.D. 117-138 Emperor Hadrian.[37]

A.D. 125-136 Pope St. Telesphorus.[38]

A.D. 132-135 The Last Jewish Revolt.[39]

A.D. 136-140 Pope St. Hyginus.[40]

A.D. 138-161 Emperor Antonius Pius.[41]

A.D. 140-155 Pope St. Pius.[42]

A.D. 155-166 Pope St. Anicetus.[43]

A.D. 161-180 Emperor Marcus Aurelius.[44]

A.D. 161-169 Co-Emperor Lucius Verus.[45]

A.D. 166-175 Pope St. Soter.[46]

A.D. 175-189 Pope St. Eleutherius.[47]

A.D. 189-199 Pope St. Victor.[48]

A.D. 193 Emperor Pertinax.[49]

A.D. 193 Emperor Didius Julian.[50]

A.D. 199-217 Pope St. Zephyrinus.[51]

A.D. 211-217 Emperor Caracalla.[52]

A.D. c. 215 Interrogatory Creed of Hippolytus.[53]

A.D. 217-218 Emperor Macrinus.[54]

A.D. 217-222 Pope St. Calixtus I.[55]

A.D. 218-222 Emperor Elagabalus.[56]

A.D. 222-230 Pope St. Urban.[57]

A.D. 222-235 Emperor Alexander Severus.[58]

A.D. 230-235 Pope St. Pontianus.[59]

A.D. 235-238 Emperor Maximi.[60]

A.D. 235-236 Pope St. Anteros.[61]

A.D. 236-250 Pope St. Fabian.[62]

A.D. 238 Emperor Gordian I.[63]

A.D. 238 Emperor Gordian II.[64]

A.D. 238 Emperor Pupienus.[65]

A.D. 238 Emperor Balbinus.[66]

A.D. 238-244 Emperor Gordian III.[67]

A.D. 244-249 Emperor Philip the Arabian.[68]

A.D. 249-251 Emperor Decius.[69]

A.D. 251 Emperor Hostilian.[70]

A.D. 251-253 Emperor Gallus.[71]

A.D. 251-253 Pope St. Cornelius.[72]

A.D. 253-259 Emperor Valerian.[73]

A.D. 253-254 Pope St. Lucius I.[74]

A.D. 254-257 Pope St. Stephen I.[75]

A.D. 257-258 Pope St. Sixtus II.[76]

A.D. 259-267 Emperor Gallienus.[77]

A.D. 259-268 Pope St. Dionisius.[78]

A.D. 268-270 Emperor Claudius II.[79]

A.D. 269-274 Pope St. Felix I.[80]

A.D. 269 Claudius defeats the Goths at Naissus.[81]

A.D. 270 Emperor Quintillus.[82]

A.D. 270-275 Emperor Aurelian.[83]

A.D. 272 Aurelian defeats Zenobia.[84]
A.D. 275-276 Emperor Tacitus.[85]

A.D. 275-283 Pope St. Eutychianus.[86]

A.D. 276 Emperor Florian.[87]

A.D. 276-282 Emperor Probus.[88]

A.D. 282-283 Emperor Carus.[89]

A.D. 283-284 Emperor Numerian.[90]

A.D. 283-296 Pope St. Caius.[91]

A.D. 284-305 Emperor Diocletian.[92]

A.D. 285-305 Emperor Maximian.[93]

A.D. 292-306 Emperor Constant Chlorus.[94]

A.D. 292-311 Emperor Maximinus Daia.[95]

A.D. 296-304 Pope St. Marcellinus.[96]

A.D. c. 297 Birth of Athanasius.[97]

A.D. 303-313 The great persecution.[98]

A.D. 306-337 Emperor Constantine.[99]

A.D. 306-307 Emperor Severus.[100]

A.D. 306-312 Emperor Maxentius.[101]

A.D. 307-323 Emperor Licinius.[102]

A.D. 308-309 Pope St. Marcellus I.[103]

A.D. 309 (April 18-Aug. 17) Pope St. Eusebius.[104]

NICENE AND POST-NICENE CHRISTIANITY A.D. 311-600[105]
A.D. 311-314 Pope St. Miltiades.[106]

A.D. 311 First edict of toleration (by Galerius).[107]
A.D. 312-337 Constantine (in Italy).[108]
A.D. 312 Second edict of toleration (from Milan).[109]
A.D. 314-335 Pope St. Sylvester I.[110]

A.D. 314 Council of Arles, on the Donatists.[111]
A.D. 315-337 Constantine (in Illyricum).[112]
A.D. c. 317 Athanasius de Incarnatione Verbi Dei.[113]
A.D. c. 318 Outbreak of Arian controversy.[114]

A.D. 323-337 Constantine (in the East).[115]
A.D. 325 (June) Council of Nicæa.[116]

A.D. 325 The Creed of Nicaea (Creed of 318 Fathers).[117]
A.D. 328-373 Athanasius bishop of Alexandria.[118]
A.D. 330 Foundation of Constantinople.[119]
A.D. c. 330 Deposition of Eustathius of Antioch.[120]

A.D. 335 Councils of Tyre and Jerusalem.[121]
A.D. 336 (Jan. 18-Oct. 7) Pope St. Mark.[122]

A.D. 336 (Feb.)-337 (Nov.) First exile of Athanasius.[123]

A.D. 337-352 Pope St. Julius.[124]

A.D. 337 (May 22) Death of Constantine.[125]

A.D. 337-340 Emperor Constantine II.[126]

A.D. 337-361 Emperor Constantius II.[127]

A.D. 337-350 Emperor Constans.[128]

A.D. 339 (Lent)-346 (Oct.) Second exile of Athanasius.[129]

A.D. 340 Creed of Marcellus.[130]

A.D. 341 Council of the Dedication at Antioch. Consecration of Ulfilas.[131]

A.D. 343 Councils of Sardica and Philippopolis.[132]
A.D. 350 Death of Constans.[133]
A.D. 351 Battle of Mursa.[134]
A.D. 352-366 Pope St. Liberius.[135]

A.D. 353 Death of Magnentius.[136]

A.D. 355 Julian Cæsar in Gaul. Council at Milan.[137]
A.D. 356 (Feb. 8)-362 (Feb. 22) Third exile of Athanasius.[138]
A.D. 357 Sirmian manifesto.[139]
A.D. 358 Council at Ancyra. Hilary de Synodis.[140]

A.D. 359 (May 22). Conference at Sirmium. The dated creed. Councils of Ariminum and Seleucia. Athanasius de Synodis.[141]
A.D. 360 (Jan.) Julian Augustus at Paris. Council at Constantinople. Exile of Semiarians.[142]
A.D. 361 Appointment and exile of Meletius. (Nov.) Death of Constantius.[143]
A.D. 361-363 Emperor Julian.[144]

A.D. 362 Council at Alexandria. Fourth exile of Athanasius.[145]
A.D. 363 (June 26) Death of Julian. Jovian succeeds.[146]
A.D. 363-364 Emperor Jovian.[147]

A.D. 364 (Feb. 16) Death of Jovian. Valentinian succeeds.[148]
A.D. 364-392 Emperor Valentinian II.[149]

A.D. 364-378 Emperor Valens.[150]

A.D. 365-366 Revolt of Procopius. Fifth exile and final restoration of Athanasius.[151]

A.D. 366-384 Pope St. Damasus.[152]

A.D. 367-369 Gothic war.[153]
A.D. 370-379 Basil bishop of Cæsarea (in Cappadocia).[154]
A.D. 371 Death of Marcellus.[155]
A.D. 372 Meeting of Basil and Valens.[156]
A.D. 373 (May 2). Death of Athanasius.[157]
A.D. 374 Epiphanius Ancoratus.[158]
A.D. 374-397 Ambrose bishop of Milan.[159]
A.D. 375 Death of Valentinian. Gratian succeeds.[160]
A.D. 375-383 Emperor Gratian.[161]

A.D. 375-392 Emperor Valentinian II.[162]

A.D. 376 Goths pass the Danube.[163]
A.D. 378 (Aug. 9) Battle of Hadrianople. Death of Valens.[164]
A.D. 379-395 Emperor Theodosius.[165]

A.D. 381 (May.) Council of Constantinople.[166]

A.D. 381 The Constantinopolitan Creed (Creed of 150 Fathers).[167]
A.D. 383 Last overtures of Theodosius to the Arians.[168]

A.D. 384-399 Pope St. Siricius.[169]

A.D. 393 The Council of Hippo[170]

A.D. 397 Chrysostom bishop of Constantinople.[171]
A.D. 399-401 Pope St. Anastasius I.[172]

A.D. 401-417 Pope St. Innocent I.[173]

A.D. c. 404 Creed of Rufinus (Aquileia).[174]

A.D. 410 Sack of Rome by Alaric.[175]
A.D. 417-418 Pope St. Zosimus.[176]

A.D. 418-422 Pope St. Boniface.[177]

A.D. 422-432 Pope St. Celestine I.[178]

A.D. 432-440 Pope St. Sixtus III.[179]

A.D. 440-461 Pope St. Leo I, The Great.[180]

A.D. 451 Council of Chalcedon.[181]

A.D. 451 The Definition of Chalcedon.[182]
A.D. 461-468 Pope St. Hilary.[183]

A.D. 468-483 Pope St. Simplicius.[184]

A.D. 475-476 Emperor Romulus Augustulus.[185]

A.D. 483-492 Pope St. Felix III.[186]

A.D. 487-526 Reign of Theodoric in Italy.[187]
A.D. 492-496 Pope St. Gelasius.[188]

A.D. 496-498 Pope St. Anastasius II.[189]

A.D. 498-514 Pope St. Symmachus.[190]

A.D. 507 Battle of Vouglé.[191]

A.D. 514-523 Pope St. Hormisdas.[192]

A.D. 523-526 Pope St. John I.[193]

A.D. 526-530 Pope St. Felix IV.[194]

A.D. 529 The Council of Orange.[195]

A.D. 530-532 Pope Boniface II.[196]

A.D. 533-535 Pope John II.[197]

A.D. 535-536 Pope St. Agapetus.[198]

A.D. 536-537 Pope St. Silverius.[199]

A.D. 537-555 Pope Vigilius.[200]

A.D. 553 The Anathemas of the Second Council of Constantinople.[201]
A.D. 556-561 Pope Pelagius I.[202]

A.D. 561-574 Pope John III.[203]

A.D. 575-579 Pope Benedict I.[204]

A.D. 579-590 Pope Pelagius II.[205]

A.D. 589 Visigoths abandon Arianism.[206]
MEDIEVAL CHRISTIANITY FROM A.D. 590 TO 1517.[207]
A.D. 590-604 Pope St. Gregory I, The Great.[208]

A.D. 599 Lombards abandon Arianism.[209]

A.D. 604-606 Pope Sabinianus.[210]

A.D. 607 (Feb. 19-Nov. 12) Pope Boniface III.[211]

A.D. 608-615 Pope St. Boniface IV.[212]

A.D. 615-618 Pope St. Deusdedit I.[213]

A.D. 619-625 Pope Boniface V.[214]

A.D. 625-638 Pope Honorius I.[215]

A.D. 640 (May 28-Aug. 2) Pope Severinus.[216]

A.D. 640-642 Pope John IV.[217]

A.D. 642-649 Pope Theodore I.[218]

A.D. 649-655 Pope St. Martin I.[219]

A.D. 654-657 Pope St. Eugene I.[220]

A.D. 657-672 Pope St. Vitalianus.[221]

A.D. 672-676 Pope Adeodatus II.[222]

A.D. 676-678 Pope Donus.[223]

A.D. 678-681 Pope St. Agatho.[224]

A.D. 681 The Statement of Faith of the Third Council of Constantinople.[225]

A.D. 682-683 Pope St. Leo II.[226]

A.D. 684-685 Pope St. Benedict II.[227]

A.D. 685-686 Pope John V.[228]

A.D. 686-687 Pope Conon.[229]

A.D. 687-701 Pope St. Sergius I.[230]

A.D. 701-705 Pope John VI.[231]

A.D. 705-707 Pope John VII.[232]

A.D. 707 (Jan. 15-Feb. 4.) Pope Sisinnius.[233]

A.D. 708-715 Pope Constantine.[234]

A.D. 715-731 Pope St. Gregory II.[235]

A.D. 731-741 Pope St. Gregory III.[236]

A.D. 741-752 Pope St. Zacharias.[237]

A.D. 752-757 Pope Stephen II.[238]

A.D. 753 The Synod of Constantinople (Hieria).[239]

A.D. 757-767 Pope St. Paul I.[240]

A.D. 768-772 Pope Stephen III.[241]

A.D. 772-795 Pope Hadrian I.[242]

A.D. 787 The Seventh Ecumenical Council of Nicaea.[243]

A.D. 795-816 Pope St. Leo III.[244]

A.D. 800 Coronation of Karl the Frank.[245]

A.D. 816-817 Pope Stephen IV.[246]

A.D. 817-824 Pope St. Paschal I.[247]

A.D. 824-827 Pope Eugene II.[248]

A.D. 827 (Aug.-Sept.) Pope Valentine.[249]

A.D. 827-844 Pope Gregory IV.[250]

A.D. 844-847 Pope Sergius II.[251]

A.D. 847-855 Pope St. Leo IV.[252]

A.D. 855-858 Pope Benedict.[253]

A.D. 858-867 Pope St. Nicholas I., The Great.[254]

A.D. 867-872 Pope Hadrian II.[255]

A.D. 872-882 Pope John VIII.[256]

A.D. 882-884 Pope Marinus.[257]

A.D. 884-885 Pope St. Hadrian III.[258]

A.D. 885-891 Pope Stephen V.[259]

A.D. 891-896 Pope Formosus.[260]

A.D. 896 (Apr. 11-26) Pope Boniface VI.[261]

A.D. 896-897 Pope Stephen VI.[262]

A.D. 897 (Aug.-Nov.) Pope Romanus.[263]

A.D. 897 (Dec.) Pope Theodore II.[264]

A.D. 898-900 Pope John IX.[265]

A.D. 900-903 Pope Benedict IV.[266]

A.D. 903-904 Pope Leo V.[267]

A.D. 904-911 Pope Sergius III.[268]

A.D. 911-913 Pope Anastasius III.[269]

A.D. 913-914 Pope Lando.[270]

A.D. 914-928 Pope John X.[271]

A.D. 928 Pope Leo VI.[272]

A.D. 928-931 Pope Stephen VII.[273]

A.D. 931-935 Pope John XI.[274]

A.D. 936-939 Pope Leo VII.[275]

A.D. 939-942 Pope Stephen VIII.[276]

A.D. 942-946 Pope Marinus II.[277]

A.D. 946-955 Pope Agapetus II.[278]

A.D. 955-964 Pope John XII.[279]

A.D. 963-965 Pope Leo VIII.[280]

A.D. 964-965 Pope Benedict V.[281]

A.D. 965-972 Pope John XIII.[282]

A.D. 973-974 Pope Benedict VI.[283]

A.D. 974-983 Pope Benedict VII.[284]

A.D. 983-984 Pope John XIV.[285]

A.D. 985-996 Pope John XV.[286]

A.D. 996-999 Pope Gregory V.[287]

A.D. 999-1003 Pope Sylvester II.[288]

A.D. 1003 (June-Dec.) Pope John XVII.[289]

A.D. 1004-1009 Pope John XVIII.[290]

A.D. 1009-1012 Pope Sergius IV.[291]

A.D. 1012-1024 Pope Benedict VIII.[292]

A.D. 1024-1032 Pope John XIX.[293]

A.D. 1032-1044 Pope Benedict IX.[294]

A.D. 1045 (Jan.-Feb.) Pope Sylvester III.[295]

A.D. 1045 (Apr.-May) Pope Benedict IX.[296]

A.D. 1045-1046 Pope Gregory VI.[297]

A.D. 1046-1047 Pope Clement II.[298]

A.D. 1047-1048 Pope Benedict IX.[299]

A.D. 1048 (July-Aug.) Pope Damasus II.[300]
THE MIDDLE AGES FROM GREGORY VII., 1049, to BONIFACE VIII., 1294[301]

A.D. 1049-1054 Pope St. Leo IX.[302]

A.D. 1055-1057 Pope Victor II.[303]

A.D. 1057-1058 Pope Stephen IX.[304]

A.D. 1059-1061 Pope Nicholas II.[305]

A.D. 1061-1073 Pope Alexander II.[306]

A.D. 1073-1085 Pope St. Gregory VII.[307]

A.D. 1086-1087 Pope Victor III.[308]

A.D. 1088-1099 Pope Urban II.[309]

A.D. 1099-1118 Pope Paschal II.[310]

A.D. 1118-1119 Pope Gelasius II.[311]

A.D. 1119-1124 Pope Calixtus II.[312]

A.D. 1124-1130 Pope Honorius II.[313]

A.D. 1130-1143 Pope Innocent II.[314]

A.D. 1143-1144 Pope Celestine II.[315]

A.D. 1144-1145 Pope Lucius II.[316]

A.D. 1145-1153 Pope Eugene III.[317]

A.D. 1153-1154 Pope Anastasius IV.[318]

A.D. 1154-1159 Pope Hadrian IV.[319]

A.D. 1159-1181 Pope Alexander III.[320]

A.D. 1181-1185 Pope Lucius III.[321]

A.D. 1185-1187 Pope Urban III.[322]

A.D. 1187 (Oct.-Dec.) Pope Gregory VIII.[323]

A.D. 1187-1191 Pope Clement III.[324]

A.D. 1191-1198 Pope Celestine III.[325]

A.D. 1198-1216 Pope Innocent III.[326]

A.D. 1215 The Fourth Lateran Council.[327]

A.D. 1216-1227 Pope Honorius III.[328]

A.D. 1227-1241 Pope Gregory IX.[329]

A.D. 1241 (Oct.-Nov.) Pope Celestine IV.[330]

A.D. 1243-1254 Pope Innocent IV.[331]

A.D. 1254-1261 Pope Alexander IV.[332]

A.D. 1261-1264 Pope Urban IV.[333]

A.D. 1265-1268 Pope Clement IV.[334]

A.D. 1271-1276 Pope Gregory X.[335]

A.D. 1276 (Jan.-June) Pope Innocent V.[336]

A.D. 1276 (July-Aug.) Pope Hadrian V.[337]

A.D. 1276-1277 Pope John XXI.[338]

A.D. 1277-1280 Pope Nicholas III.[339]

A.D. 1281-1285 Pope Martin IV.[340]

A.D. 1285-1287 Pope Honorius IV.[341]

A.D. 1288-1292 Pope Nicholas IV.[342]

A.D. 1294 Pope St. Celestine V.[343]

THE MIDDLE AGES FROM BONIFACE VIII., 1294 TO THE PROTESTANT REFORMATION, 1517[344]

A.D. 1294-1303 Pope Boniface VIII.[345]

A.D. 1303-1304 Pope Benedict XI.[346]

A.D. 1305-1314 Pope Clement V.[347]

A.D. 1316-1334 Pope John XXII.[348]

A.D. 1334-1342 Pope Benedict XII.[349]

A.D. 1342-1352 Pope Clement VI.[350]

A.D. 1352-1362 Pope Innocent VI.[351]

A.D. 1362-1370 Pope Urban V.[352]

A.D. 1370-1378 Pope Gregory XI.[353]

A.D. 1378-1389 Pope Urban VI.[354]

A.D. 1389-1404 Pope Boniface IX.[355]

A.D. 1404-1406 Pope Innocent VII.[356]

A.D. 1406-1415 Pope Gregory XII.[357]

A.D. 1417-1431 Pope Martin V.[358]

A.D. 1431-1447 Pope Eugene IV.[359]

A.D. 1438-1445 Council of Florence.[360]

A.D. 1447-1455 Pope Nicholas V.[361]

A.D. 1455-1458 Pope Calixtus III.[362]

A.D. 1458-1464 Pope Pius II.[363]

A.D. 1464-1471 Pope Paul II.[364]

A.D. 1471-1484 Pope Sixtus IV.[365]
A.D. 1483 (Nov. 10) Birth of Martin Luther at Eisleben.[366]

A.D. 1484-1492 Pope Innocent VIII.[367]

A.D. 1487 (early summer) Luther Family moved to Mansfeld.[368]

A.D. 1492-1503 Pope Alexander VI.[369]

A.D. 1497 (about Easter) Luther goes to school at Magdeburg.[370]

A.D. 1498 Luther goes to school at Eisenach.[371]

A.D. 1501 (May) Luther Matriculation at Erfurt.[372]

A.D. 1502 (Sept. 29) Luther Bachelor of Arts.[373]

A.D. 1503 (Sept.-Oct.) Pope Pius III.[374]

A.D. 1503-1513 Pope Julius II.[375]

A.D. 1505 (January 7) Luther Master of Arts.[376]

A.D. 1505 (July 2) Luther Thunderstorm and vow.[377]

A.D. 1505 (July 17) Luther enters Augustinian cloister at Erfurt.[378]

A.D. 1507 (May 2) Luther’s First Mass.[379]

A.D. 1508 (winter) Luther teaches one semester at Wittenberg.[380]

A.D. 1509 (Oct.) Luther returns to Erfurt.[381]

A.D. 1510 (Nov.) Luther’s journey to Rome.[382]

A.D. 1511 (early April) Luther returns to Erfurt; transfer to Wittenberg.[383]

A.D. 1512 (Oct. 19) Luther Doctor of Theology.[384]

A.D. 1513-1521 Pope Leo X.[385]

A.D. 1513 (Aug. 16) Luther’s lectures on Psalms begin.[386]

A.D. 1515 (April) Luther’s lectures on Romans begin.[387]

A.D. 1516 (Sept. 7) Luther’s lectures on Romans end.[388]

A.D. 1516 (Oct. 27) Luther’s lectures on Galatians begin.[389]

PROTESTANT REFORMATION 1517-

A.D. 1517 (Oct. 31) Luther posts the Ninety-Five Theses.[390]

A.D. 1518 (April 26) Luther’s disputation at Heidelberg.[391]

A.D. 1518 (July) Prierias attacks Luther[392]

A.D. 1518 (Aug. 5) Maximilian writes to the pope regarding Luther.[393]

A.D. 1518 (Aug. 7) The pope cites Luther to Rome.[394]

A.D. 1518 (Aug. 8) Luther appeals to Frederick.[395]

A.D. 1518 (Aug. 31) Luther replies to Prierias.[396]

A.D. 1518 (Sept. 26) Luther starts for Augsburg.[397]

A.D. 1518 (Oct. 20-21) Luther flees from Augsburg.[398]

A.D. 1518 (Oct. 30) Luther back in Wittenberg.[399]

A.D. 1518 (Nov. 8) The bull Cum Postquam.[400]

A.D. 1518 (Nov. 28) Luther appeals to a general council.[401]

A.D. (Dec. 18) Frederick refuses to banish Luther.[402]

A.D. 1519 (Jan. 4-6) Interview of Luther with Miltitz.[403]

A.D. 1519 (Jan. 12) Death of Emperor Maximilian.[404]

A.D. 1519 (June 28) Election of Charles V.[405]

A.D. 1519 (July 4-14) Luther and Eck debate in Leipzig.[406]

A.D. 1520 (Jan.) Luther offered help by Hutten and Sickingen.[407]

A.D. 1520 (May) Luther’s Sermon on Good Works.[408]

A.D. 1520 (June 11) Luther receives offer of protection from one hundred knights; The Papacy at Rome.[409]

A.D. 1521-1523 Pope Hadrian VI.[410]

A.D. 1523-1534 Pope Clement VII.[411]

A.D. 1525 English translation of the New Testament published by William Tyndale.[412]

A.D. 1529 Luther’s Small Catechism.[413]

A.D. 1530 The Augsburg Confession.[414]

A.D. 1531 Luther’s Warning to His Beloved Germans.[415]

A.D. 1534 Publication of the complete German Bible.[416]

A.D. 1534-1549 Pope Paul III.[417]

A.D. 1536 Wittenberg Concord with the Swiss.[418]

A.D. 1536 Outbreak of Anabaptists at Munster.[419]

A.D. 1536 Melanchthon’s memorandum on the death penalty for peaceful Anabaptists.[420]

A.D. 1539 Bigamy of the Landgrave Philip.[421]

A.D. 1543 (Jan. 4) Luther’s Against the Jews.[422]

A.D. 1543 (July) Luther’s publication of the Genesis Commentary (lectures from 1535 to 1545).[423]
A.D. 1545 (Mar. 25) Luther’s Against the Papacy at Rome Founded by the Devil.[424]
A.D. 1546 (Feb. 18) Luther’s death at Eisleben.[425]
A.D. 1550-1555 Pope Julius III.[426]

A.D. 1551 Louis Bourgeois’s Genevan Psalter.[427]

A.D. 1555 (Apr.-May) Pope Marcellus II.[428]

A.D. 1555-1559 Pope Paul IV.[429]

A.D. 1559-1565 Pope Pius IV.[430]

A.D. 1566-1572 Pope St. Pius V.[431]

A.D. 1572-1585 Pope Gregory XIII.[432]

A.D. 1572 (Aug. 24th) St. Bartholomew’s Day Massacre.[433]

A.D. 1585-1590 Pope Sixtus V.[434]

A.D. 1590 (Sept.15-27) Pope Urban VII.[435]

A.D. 1590-1591 Pope Gregory XIV.[436]

A.D. 1591 (Jan.-Dec.) Pope Innocent IX.[437]

A.D. 1592-1605 Pope Clement VIII.[438]

A.D. 1593 The Conventicle Act.[439]

A.D. 1598 Edict of Nantes enacted by Henry of Navarre.[440]

A.D. 1605 (Apr. 1-27) Pope Leo XI.[441]

A.D. 1605-1621 Pope Paul V.[442]

A.D. 1608 The Differences of the Churches of the Separation.[443]

A.D. 1611 Thomas Helwys Declaration of Faith.

A.D. 1612 A Short Declaration of the Mistery of Iniquity.[444]

A.D. 1618 The Synod of Dort.[445]

A.D. 1620 The Pilgrims land in Plymouth.[446]

A.D. 1621-1623 Pope Gregory XV.[447]

A.D. 1623-1644 Pope Urban VIII.[448]

A.D. 1644-1655 Pope Innocent X.[449]

A.D. 1644 First London Baptist Confession.

A.D. 1646 First London Baptist Confession (Revised).

A.D. 1651 The Faith and Practice of Thirty Congregations.

A.D. 1654 The True Gospel-Faith Declared According to the Scriptures.

A.D. 1655-1667 Pope Alexander VII.[450]

A.D. 1655 Midland Confession of Faith.

A.D. 1656 The Somerset Confession of Faith.

A.D. 1660 The Standard Confession.

A.D. 1667-1669 Pope Clement IX.[451]

A.D. 1670-1676 Pope Clement X.[452]

A.D. 1676-1689 Pope Innocent XI.[453]

A.D. 1677 The Second London Baptist Confession of Faith.

A.D. 1678 The Orthodox Creed.

A.D. 1685 Edict of Nantes revoked by Louis XIV.[454]

A.D. 1688 The Glorious Revolution.[455]

A.D. 1689 The Toleration Act.[456]

A.D. 1689 The Second London Baptist Confession of Faith (Revised).

A.D. 1689-1691 Pope Alexander VIII.[457]

A.D. 1691-1700 Pope Innocent XII.[458]

A.D. 1691 A Short Confession or a Brief Narrative of Faith.

A.D. 1700-1721 Pope Clement XI.[459]

A.D. 1721-1724 Pope Innocent XIII.[460]

A.D. 1724-1730 Pope Benedict XIII.[461]

A.D. 1729 The Adopting Act.[462]

A.D. 1730-1740 Pope Clement XII.[463]

A.D. 1733 The formation of the Associate Presbytery.[464]

A.D. 1740-1758 Pope Benedict XIV.[465]

A.D. 1741 The Schism of 1741.[466]

A.D. 1742 The Philadelphia Confession.

A.D. 1745 The formation of the Synod of New York.[467]

A.D. 1757 Carter Lane Declaration of Faith.

A.D. 1758-1769 Pope Clement XIII.[468]

A.D. 1758 The Reunion of 1758.[469]

A.D. 1758 The Sandy Creek Confession.

A.D. 1769-1774 Pope Clement XIV.[470]

A.D. 1770 Articles of Religion of the New Connexion.

A.D. 1775-1799 Pope Pius VI.[471]

A.D. The Goatyard Declaration of Faith.

A.D. 1800-1823 Pope Pius VII.[472]

A.D. 1811 The formation of the Calvinist Methodist Church of Wales.[473]

A.D. 1812 Former Articles.

A.D. 1816 The formation of the American Bible Society.[474]

A.D. 1823-1829 Pope Leo XII.[475]

A.D. 1824 The foundation of the American Sunday School Union.[476]

A.D. 1825 The foundation of the American Tract Society.[477]

A.D. 1829-1830 Pope Pius VIII.[478]

A.D. 1831-1846 Pope Gregory XVI.[479]

A.D. 1833 The New Hampshire Confession.[480]

A.D. 1834 A Treatise on the Faith of the Freewill Baptists.

A.D. 1840 The formation of the General Assembly of the Presbyterian Church in Ireland.[481]

A.D. 1843 The Great Disruption.[482]

A.D. 1846-1878 Pope Pius IX.[483]

A.D. 1847 The formation of the United Presbyterian Church of Scotland.[484]

A.D. 1854 New Themes for the Protestant Clergy by Stephen Colwell.[485]

A.D. 1857 The formation of the United Synod of the Presbyterian Church.[486]

A.D. 1859 Abstract of Principles.[487]

A.D. 1866 Compend of Christian Doctrines Held by Baptists.

A.D. 1875 The formation of the World Presbyterian Alliance.[488]

A.D. 1878 The Articles of Faith of the Gospel Standard Aid and Poor Relief Societies (Strict Baptist).

A.D. 1878-1903 Pope Leo XIII.[489]

A.D. 1900 The formation of the United Free Church of Scotland.[490]

A.D. 1900 Fulton Confession of Faith (Primitive Baptists).

A.D. 1903-1914 Pope Pius X.[491]

A.D. 1906 The Book of Common Worship published.[492]

A.D. 1909 The Fundamentals: A Testimony to the Truth began to be published.[493]

A.D. 1914-1922 Pope Benedict XV.[494]

A.D. 1921 The foundation of the International Missionary Council.[495]

A.D. 1922-1939 Pope Pius XI.[496]

A.D. 1923 Articles of Faith Put Forth by the Baptist Union of America.

A.D. 1925 Statement of Baptist Faith and Message.[497]

A.D. 1929 The formation of the Church of Scotland.[498]

A.D. 1939-1958 Pope Pius XII.[499]

A.D. 1947 (Feb.-Mar.) Dead Sea Scrolls found.[500]

A.D. 1948 The formation of the World Council of Churches.[501]

A.D. 1957 The formation of the United Presbyterian Church in the U.S.A.[502]

A.D. 1958-1963 Pope John XXIII.[503]

A.D. 1961 Trinity Hymnal.[504]

A.D. 1963-1978 Pope Paul VI.[505]

A.D. 1963 The Baptist Faith and Message (First Revision).

A.D. 1978 (Sept.-Oct.) Pope John Paul I.[506]

A.D. 1978-2005 Pope St. John Paul II.[507]

A.D. 1987 Trinity Hymnal: Revised Edition.[508]

A.D. 1998 The Baptist Faith and Message (Second Revision).

A.D. 2000 The Baptist Faith and Message (Third Revision).

A.D. 2005-2013 Pope Benedict XVI.[509]

A.D. 2013-current Pope Francis I.[510]


[1] Mays, James Luther, Ph.D., ed. Harper’s Bible Commentary. p. 15. New York, NY: Harper & Row, 1988.

[2] Mays, James Luther, Ph.D., ed. Harper’s Bible Commentary. p. 17. New York, NY: Harper & Row, 1988.

[3] Mays, James Luther, Ph.D., ed. Harper’s Bible Commentary. p. 21. New York, NY: Harper & Row, 1988.

[4] Mays, James Luther, Ph.D., ed. Harper’s Bible Commentary. p. 27. New York, NY: Harper & Row, 1988.

[5] Mays, James Luther, Ph.D., ed. Harper’s Bible Commentary. p. 27. New York, NY: Harper & Row, 1988.

[6] Mays, James Luther, Ph.D., ed. Harper’s Bible Commentary. p. 28. New York, NY: Harper & Row, 1988.

[7] Mays, James Luther, Ph.D., ed. Harper’s Bible Commentary. p. 28. New York, NY: Harper & Row, 1988.

[8] Mays, James Luther, Ph.D., ed. Harper’s Bible Commentary. p. 29. New York, NY: Harper & Row, 1988.

[9] Gonzalez, Justo L.. The Story of Christianity: Volume 1: The Early Church to the Reformation (Kindle Location 355). HarperCollins. Kindle Edition.

[10] Mays, James Luther, Ph.D., ed. Harper’s Bible Commentary. p. 29. New York, NY: Harper & Row, 1988.

[11] Mays, James Luther, Ph.D., ed. Harper’s Bible Commentary. p. 30. New York, NY: Harper & Row, 1988.

[12] Schaff, Philip. History Of The Christian Church (The Complete Eight Volumes In One) (Kindle Location 12).  . Kindle Edition.

[13] Mays, James Luther, Ph.D., ed. Harper’s Bible Commentary. p. 30. New York, NY: Harper & Row, 1988.

[14] Gonzalez, Justo L.. The Story of Christianity: Volume 1: The Early Church to the Reformation (Kindle Location 355). HarperCollins. Kindle Edition.

[15] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 1. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[16] Gonzalez, Justo L.. The Story of Christianity: Volume 1: The Early Church to the Reformation (Kindle Location 355). HarperCollins. Kindle Edition.

[17] Gonzalez, Justo L.. The Story of Christianity: Volume 1: The Early Church to the Reformation (Kindle Location 355). HarperCollins. Kindle Edition.

[18] Mays, James Luther, Ph.D., ed. Harper’s Bible Commentary. p. 31. New York, NY: Harper & Row, 1988.

[19] Gonzalez, Justo L.. The Story of Christianity: Volume 1: The Early Church to the Reformation (Kindle Location 355). HarperCollins. Kindle Edition.

[20] Mays, James Luther, Ph.D., ed. Harper’s Bible Commentary. p. 31. New York, NY: Harper & Row, 1988.

[21] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 7. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[22] Gonzalez, Justo L.. The Story of Christianity: Volume 1: The Early Church to the Reformation (Kindle Location 355). HarperCollins. Kindle Edition.

[23] Gonzalez, Justo L.. The Story of Christianity: Volume 1: The Early Church to the Reformation (Kindle Location 355). HarperCollins. Kindle Edition.

[24] Gonzalez, Justo L.. The Story of Christianity: Volume 1: The Early Church to the Reformation (Kindle Location 355). HarperCollins. Kindle Edition.

[25] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 9. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[26] Gonzalez, Justo L.. The Story of Christianity: Volume 1: The Early Church to the Reformation (Kindle Location 355). HarperCollins. Kindle Edition.

[27] Gonzalez, Justo L.. The Story of Christianity: Volume 1: The Early Church to the Reformation (Kindle Location 355). HarperCollins. Kindle Edition.

[28] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 10. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[29] Josephus, Flavius. The Antiquities of the Jews (Annotated) (Kindle Location 23459). Kindle Edition.

[30] Gonzalez, Justo L.. The Story of Christianity: Volume 1: The Early Church to the Reformation (Kindle Location 355). HarperCollins. Kindle Edition.

[31] Roberts, Rev. Alexander , D.D, James Donald, LL.D., and A. Cleveland Coxe, D.D., eds. Ante-Nicene Fathers: Translations of The Writings of the Fathers down to A.D. 325. p. 2.Vol. I. Grand Rapids, MI: WM. B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, 1956.

[32] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 12. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[33] Gonzalez, Justo L.. The Story of Christianity: Volume 1: The Early Church to the Reformation (Kindle Location 355). HarperCollins. Kindle Edition.

[34] Schaff, Philip. History Of The Christian Church (The Complete Eight Volumes In One) (Kindle Location 26).  . Kindle Edition.

[35] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 12. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[36] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 14. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[37] Gonzalez, Justo L.. The Story of Christianity: Volume 1: The Early Church to the Reformation (Kindle Location 355). HarperCollins. Kindle Edition.

[38] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 15. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[39] Mays, James Luther, Ph.D., ed. Harper’s Bible Commentary. p. 32. New York, NY: Harper & Row, 1988.

[40] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 15. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[41] Gonzalez, Justo L.. The Story of Christianity: Volume 1: The Early Church to the Reformation (Kindle Location 355). HarperCollins. Kindle Edition.

[42] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 16. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[43] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 17. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[44] Gonzalez, Justo L.. The Story of Christianity: Volume 1: The Early Church to the Reformation (Kindle Location 355). HarperCollins. Kindle Edition.

[45] Gonzalez, Justo L.. The Story of Christianity: Volume 1: The Early Church to the Reformation (Kindle Location 355). HarperCollins. Kindle Edition.

[46] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 18. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[47] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 21. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[48] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 23. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[49] Gonzalez, Justo L.. The Story of Christianity: Volume 1: The Early Church to the Reformation (Kindle Location 355). HarperCollins. Kindle Edition.

[50] Gonzalez, Justo L.. The Story of Christianity: Volume 1: The Early Church to the Reformation (Kindle Location 355). HarperCollins. Kindle Edition.

[51] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 24. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[52] Gonzalez, Justo L.. The Story of Christianity: Volume 1: The Early Church to the Reformation (Kindle Location 355). HarperCollins. Kindle Edition.

[53] Leith, John H. Creeds of the Churches: A Reader in Christian Doctrine, From the Bible to the Present. p. 23. 3rd ed. Atlanta, GA: John Knox Press, 1982.

[54] Gonzalez, Justo L.. The Story of Christianity: Volume 1: The Early Church to the Reformation (Kindle Location 355). HarperCollins. Kindle Edition.

[55] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 26. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[56] Gonzalez, Justo L.. The Story of Christianity: Volume 1: The Early Church to the Reformation (Kindle Location 355). HarperCollins. Kindle Edition.

[57] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 28. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[58] Gonzalez, Justo L.. The Story of Christianity: Volume 1: The Early Church to the Reformation (Kindle Location 355). HarperCollins. Kindle Edition.

[59] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 29. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[60] Gonzalez, Justo L.. The Story of Christianity: Volume 1: The Early Church to the Reformation (Kindle Location 355). HarperCollins. Kindle Edition.

[61] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 29. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[62] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 29. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[63] Gonzalez, Justo L.. The Story of Christianity: Volume 1: The Early Church to the Reformation (Kindle Location 355). HarperCollins. Kindle Edition.

[64] Gonzalez, Justo L.. The Story of Christianity: Volume 1: The Early Church to the Reformation (Kindle Location 355). HarperCollins. Kindle Edition.

[65] Gonzalez, Justo L.. The Story of Christianity: Volume 1: The Early Church to the Reformation (Kindle Location 355). HarperCollins. Kindle Edition.

[66] Gonzalez, Justo L.. The Story of Christianity: Volume 1: The Early Church to the Reformation (Kindle Location 355). HarperCollins. Kindle Edition.

[67] Gonzalez, Justo L.. The Story of Christianity: Volume 1: The Early Church to the Reformation (Kindle Location 355). HarperCollins. Kindle Edition.

[68] Gonzalez, Justo L.. The Story of Christianity: Volume 1: The Early Church to the Reformation (Kindle Location 355). HarperCollins. Kindle Edition.

[69] Gonzalez, Justo L.. The Story of Christianity: Volume 1: The Early Church to the Reformation (Kindle Location 355). HarperCollins. Kindle Edition.

[70] Gonzalez, Justo L.. The Story of Christianity: Volume 1: The Early Church to the Reformation (Kindle Location 355). HarperCollins. Kindle Edition.

[71] Gonzalez, Justo L.. The Story of Christianity: Volume 1: The Early Church to the Reformation (Kindle Location 355). HarperCollins. Kindle Edition.

[72] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 31. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[73] Gonzalez, Justo L.. The Story of Christianity: Volume 1: The Early Church to the Reformation (Kindle Location 355). HarperCollins. Kindle Edition.

[74] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 32. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[75] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 33. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[76] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 34. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[77] Gonzalez, Justo L.. The Story of Christianity: Volume 1: The Early Church to the Reformation (Kindle Location 355). HarperCollins. Kindle Edition.

[78] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 35. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[79] Gonzalez, Justo L.. The Story of Christianity: Volume 1: The Early Church to the Reformation (Kindle Location 355). HarperCollins. Kindle Edition.

[80] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 36. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[81] Gwatkin, Henry Melvill. The Arian Controversy (Kindle Location 2013).  . Kindle Edition.

[82] Gonzalez, Justo L.. The Story of Christianity: Volume 1: The Early Church to the Reformation (Kindle Location 355). HarperCollins. Kindle Edition.

[83] Gonzalez, Justo L.. The Story of Christianity: Volume 1: The Early Church to the Reformation (Kindle Location 355). HarperCollins. Kindle Edition.

[84] Gwatkin, Henry Melvill. The Arian Controversy (Kindle Location 2013).  . Kindle Edition.

[85] Gonzalez, Justo L.. The Story of Christianity: Volume 1: The Early Church to the Reformation (Kindle Location 355). HarperCollins. Kindle Edition.

[86] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 36. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[87] Gonzalez, Justo L.. The Story of Christianity: Volume 1: The Early Church to the Reformation (Kindle Location 355). HarperCollins. Kindle Edition.

[88] Gonzalez, Justo L.. The Story of Christianity: Volume 1: The Early Church to the Reformation (Kindle Location 355). HarperCollins. Kindle Edition.

[89] Gonzalez, Justo L.. The Story of Christianity: Volume 1: The Early Church to the Reformation (Kindle Location 355). HarperCollins. Kindle Edition.

[90] Gonzalez, Justo L.. The Story of Christianity: Volume 1: The Early Church to the Reformation (Kindle Location 355). HarperCollins. Kindle Edition.

[91] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 37. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[92] Gonzalez, Justo L.. The Story of Christianity: Volume 1: The Early Church to the Reformation (Kindle Location 355). HarperCollins. Kindle Edition.

[93] Gonzalez, Justo L.. The Story of Christianity: Volume 1: The Early Church to the Reformation (Kindle Location 355). HarperCollins. Kindle Edition.

[94] Gonzalez, Justo L.. The Story of Christianity: Volume 1: The Early Church to the Reformation (Kindle Location 355). HarperCollins. Kindle Edition.

[95] Gonzalez, Justo L.. The Story of Christianity: Volume 1: The Early Church to the Reformation (Kindle Location 355). HarperCollins. Kindle Edition.

[96] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 37. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[97] Gwatkin, Henry Melvill. The Arian Controversy (Kindle Location 2014).  . Kindle Edition.

[98] Gwatkin, Henry Melvill. The Arian Controversy (Kindle Location 2014).  . Kindle Edition.

[99] Gonzalez, Justo L.. The Story of Christianity: Volume 1: The Early Church to the Reformation (Kindle Location 355). HarperCollins. Kindle Edition.

[100] Gonzalez, Justo L.. The Story of Christianity: Volume 1: The Early Church to the Reformation (Kindle Location 355). HarperCollins. Kindle Edition.

[101] Gonzalez, Justo L.. The Story of Christianity: Volume 1: The Early Church to the Reformation (Kindle Location 355). HarperCollins. Kindle Edition.

[102] Gonzalez, Justo L.. The Story of Christianity: Volume 1: The Early Church to the Reformation (Kindle Location 355). HarperCollins. Kindle Edition.

[103] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 39. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[104] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 39. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[105] Schaff, Philip. History Of The Christian Church (The Complete Eight Volumes In One) (Kindle Location 40).  . Kindle Edition.

[106] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 40. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[107] Gwatkin, Henry Melvill. The Arian Controversy (Kindle Location 2015).  . Kindle Edition.

[108] Gwatkin, Henry Melvill. The Arian Controversy (Kindle Location 2015).  . Kindle Edition.

[109] Gwatkin, Henry Melvill. The Arian Controversy (Kindle Location 2016).  . Kindle Edition.

[110] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 41. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[111] Gwatkin, Henry Melvill. The Arian Controversy (Kindle Location 2016).  . Kindle Edition.

[112] Gwatkin, Henry Melvill. The Arian Controversy (Kindle Locations 2016-2017).  . Kindle Edition.

[113] Gwatkin, Henry Melvill. The Arian Controversy (Kindle Location 2017).  . Kindle Edition.

[114] Gwatkin, Henry Melvill. The Arian Controversy (Kindle Locations 2017-2018).  . Kindle Edition.

[115] Gwatkin, Henry Melvill. The Arian Controversy (Kindle Location 2018).  . Kindle Edition.

[116] Gwatkin, Henry Melvill. The Arian Controversy (Kindle Location 2018).  . Kindle Edition.

[117]  Leith, John H. Creeds of the Churches: A Reader in Christian Doctrine, From the Bible to the Present. p. 30-31. 3rd ed. Atlanta, GA: John Knox Press, 1982.

[118] Gwatkin, Henry Melvill. The Arian Controversy (Kindle Location 2019).  . Kindle Edition.

[119] Gwatkin, Henry Melvill. The Arian Controversy (Kindle Location 2019).  . Kindle Edition.

[120] Gwatkin, Henry Melvill. The Arian Controversy (Kindle Location 2019).  . Kindle Edition.

[121] Gwatkin, Henry Melvill. The Arian Controversy (Kindle Location 2020).  . Kindle Edition.

[122] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 45. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[123] Gwatkin, Henry Melvill. The Arian Controversy (Kindle Locations 2020-2021).  . Kindle Edition.

[124] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 46. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[125] Gwatkin, Henry Melvill. The Arian Controversy (Kindle Location 2021).  . Kindle Edition.

[126] Gonzalez, Justo L.. The Story of Christianity: Volume 1: The Early Church to the Reformation (Kindle Location 355). HarperCollins. Kindle Edition.

[127] Gonzalez, Justo L.. The Story of Christianity: Volume 1: The Early Church to the Reformation (Kindle Location 355). HarperCollins. Kindle Edition.

[128] Gonzalez, Justo L.. The Story of Christianity: Volume 1: The Early Church to the Reformation (Kindle Location 355). HarperCollins. Kindle Edition.

[129] Gwatkin, Henry Melvill. The Arian Controversy (Kindle Location 2021).  . Kindle Edition.

[130]  Leith, John H. Creeds of the Churches: A Reader in Christian Doctrine, From the Bible to the Present. p. 23. 3rd ed. Atlanta, GA: John Knox Press, 1982.

[131] Gwatkin, Henry Melvill. The Arian Controversy (Kindle Location 2022).  . Kindle Edition.

[132] Gwatkin, Henry Melvill. The Arian Controversy (Kindle Location 2023).  . Kindle Edition.

[133] Gwatkin, Henry Melvill. The Arian Controversy (Kindle Location 2023).  . Kindle Edition.

[134] Gwatkin, Henry Melvill. The Arian Controversy (Kindle Locations 2023-2024).  . Kindle Edition.

[135] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 47. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[136] Gwatkin, Henry Melvill. The Arian Controversy (Kindle Location 2024).  . Kindle Edition.

[137] Gwatkin, Henry Melvill. The Arian Controversy (Kindle Location 2024).  . Kindle Edition.

[138] Gwatkin, Henry Melvill. The Arian Controversy (Kindle Location 2025).  . Kindle Edition.

[139] Gwatkin, Henry Melvill. The Arian Controversy (Kindle Location 2025).  . Kindle Edition.

[140] Gwatkin, Henry Melvill. The Arian Controversy (Kindle Locations 2025-2026).  . Kindle Edition.

[141] Gwatkin, Henry Melvill. The Arian Controversy (Kindle Locations 2026-2027).  . Kindle Edition.

[142] Gwatkin, Henry Melvill. The Arian Controversy (Kindle Location 2027).  . Kindle Edition.

[143] Gwatkin, Henry Melvill. The Arian Controversy (Kindle Location 2028).  . Kindle Edition.

[144] Gonzalez, Justo L.. The Story of Christianity: Volume 1: The Early Church to the Reformation (Kindle Location 355). HarperCollins. Kindle Edition.

[145] Gwatkin, Henry Melvill. The Arian Controversy (Kindle Locations 2028-2029).  . Kindle Edition.

[146] Gwatkin, Henry Melvill. The Arian Controversy (Kindle Location 2029).  . Kindle Edition.

[147] Gonzalez, Justo L.. The Story of Christianity: Volume 1: The Early Church to the Reformation (Kindle Location 355). HarperCollins. Kindle Edition.

[148] Gwatkin, Henry Melvill. The Arian Controversy (Kindle Locations 2029-2030).  . Kindle Edition.

[149] Gonzalez, Justo L.. The Story of Christianity: Volume 1: The Early Church to the Reformation (Kindle Location 355). HarperCollins. Kindle Edition.

[150] Gonzalez, Justo L.. The Story of Christianity: Volume 1: The Early Church to the Reformation (Kindle Location 355). HarperCollins. Kindle Edition.

[151] Gwatkin, Henry Melvill. The Arian Controversy (Kindle Location 2030).  . Kindle Edition.

[152] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 51. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[153] Gwatkin, Henry Melvill. The Arian Controversy (Kindle Location 2030).  . Kindle Edition.

[154] Gwatkin, Henry Melvill. The Arian Controversy (Kindle Location 2031).  . Kindle Edition.

[155] Gwatkin, Henry Melvill. The Arian Controversy (Kindle Location 2031).  . Kindle Edition.

[156] Gwatkin, Henry Melvill. The Arian Controversy (Kindle Locations 2031-2032).  . Kindle Edition.

[157] Gwatkin, Henry Melvill. The Arian Controversy (Kindle Location 2032).  . Kindle Edition.

[158] Gwatkin, Henry Melvill. The Arian Controversy (Kindle Location 2032).  . Kindle Edition.

[159] Gwatkin, Henry Melvill. The Arian Controversy (Kindle Location 2033).  . Kindle Edition.

[160] Gwatkin, Henry Melvill. The Arian Controversy (Kindle Location 2033).  . Kindle Edition.

[161] Gonzalez, Justo L.. The Story of Christianity: Volume 1: The Early Church to the Reformation (Kindle Location 355). HarperCollins. Kindle Edition.

[162] Gonzalez, Justo L.. The Story of Christianity: Volume 1: The Early Church to the Reformation (Kindle Location 355). HarperCollins. Kindle Edition.

[163] Gwatkin, Henry Melvill. The Arian Controversy (Kindle Locations 2033-2034).  . Kindle Edition.

[164] Gwatkin, Henry Melvill. The Arian Controversy (Kindle Location 2034).  . Kindle Edition.

[165] Gwatkin, Henry Melvill. The Arian Controversy (Kindle Location 2034).  . Kindle Edition.

[166] Gwatkin, Henry Melvill. The Arian Controversy (Kindle Location 2035).  . Kindle Edition.

[167]  Leith, John H. Creeds of the Churches: A Reader in Christian Doctrine, From the Bible to the Present. p. 33. 3rd ed. Atlanta, GA: John Knox Press, 1982.

[168] Gwatkin, Henry Melvill. The Arian Controversy (Kindle Location 2036).  . Kindle Edition.

[169] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 54. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[170] Schaff, Philip. History Of The Christian Church (The Complete Eight Volumes In One) (Kindle Location 31315).  . Kindle Edition.

[171] Gwatkin, Henry Melvill. The Arian Controversy (Kindle Location 2036).  . Kindle Edition.

[172] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 56. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[173] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 56. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[174]  Leith, John H. Creeds of the Churches: A Reader in Christian Doctrine, From the Bible to the Present. p. 23-24. 3rd ed. Atlanta, GA: John Knox Press, 1982.

[175] Gwatkin, Henry Melvill. The Arian Controversy (Kindle Locations 2036-2037).  . Kindle Edition.

[176] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 58. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[177] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 60. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[178] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 61. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[179] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 62. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[180] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 64. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[181] Gwatkin, Henry Melvill. The Arian Controversy (Kindle Location 2037).  . Kindle Edition.

[182]  Leith, John H. Creeds of the Churches: A Reader in Christian Doctrine, From the Bible to the Present. p. 35. 3rd ed. Atlanta, GA: John Knox Press, 1982.

[183] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 69. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[184] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 71. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[185] Gonzalez, Justo L.. The Story of Christianity: Volume 1 (Kindle Location 4685). HarperCollins. Kindle Edition.

[186] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 73. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[187] Gwatkin, Henry Melvill. The Arian Controversy (Kindle Location 2037).  . Kindle Edition.

[188] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 74. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[189] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 76. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[190] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 78. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[191] Gwatkin, Henry Melvill. The Arian Controversy (Kindle Location 2038).  . Kindle Edition.

[192] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 81. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[193] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 82. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[194] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 83. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[195]  Leith, John H. Creeds of the Churches: A Reader in Christian Doctrine, From the Bible to the Present. p. 38-45. 3rd ed. Atlanta, GA: John Knox Press, 1982.

[196] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 84. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[197] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 85. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[198] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 87. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[199] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 87. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[200] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 89. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[201] Leith, John H. Creeds of the Churches: A Reader in Christian Doctrine, From the Bible to the Present. p. 46-50. 3rd ed. Atlanta, GA: John Knox Press, 1982.

[202] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 93. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[203] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 96. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[204] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 97. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[205] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 98. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[206] Gwatkin, Henry Melvill. The Arian Controversy (Kindle Location 2038).  . Kindle Edition.

[207] Schaff, Philip. History Of The Christian Church (The Complete Eight Volumes In One) (Kindle Location 53).  . Kindle Edition.

[208] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 99. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[209] Gwatkin, Henry Melvill. The Arian Controversy (Kindle Location 2038).  . Kindle Edition.

[210] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 106. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[211] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 108. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[212] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 108. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[213] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 110. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[214] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 111. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[215] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 112. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[216] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 114. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[217] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 115. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[218] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 116. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[219] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 117. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[220] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 120. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[221] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 122. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[222] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 123. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[223] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 124. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[224] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 124. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[225] Leith, John H. Creeds of the Churches: A Reader in Christian Doctrine, From the Bible to the Present. p. 51-53. 3rd ed. Atlanta, GA: John Knox Press, 1982.

[226] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 126. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[227] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 127. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[228] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 127. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[229] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 128. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[230] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 128. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[231] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 131. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[232] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 132. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[233] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 133. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[234] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 133. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[235] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 135. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[236] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 141. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[237] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 143. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[238] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 146. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[239] Leith, John H. Creeds of the Churches: A Reader in Christian Doctrine, From the Bible to the Present. p. 54-55. 3rd ed. Atlanta, GA: John Knox Press, 1982.

[240] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 151. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[241] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 153. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[242] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 157. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[243] Leith, John H. Creeds of the Churches: A Reader in Christian Doctrine, From the Bible to the Present. p. 55-56. 3rd ed. Atlanta, GA: John Knox Press, 1982.

[244] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 164. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[245] Gwatkin, Henry Melvill. The Arian Controversy (Kindle Location 2039).  . Kindle Edition.

[246] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 171. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[247] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 172. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[248] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 176. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[249] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 178. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[250] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 179. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[251] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 181. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[252] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 183. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[253] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 188. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[254] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 190. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[255] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 196. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[256] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 200. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[257] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 204. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[258] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 205. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[259] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 206. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[260] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 207. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[261] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 210. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[262] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 210. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[263] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 212. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[264] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 212. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[265] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 213. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[266] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 214. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[267] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 215. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[268] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 215. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[269] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 217. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[270] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 217. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[271] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 218. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[272] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 221. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[273] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 221. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[274] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 222. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[275] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 223. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[276] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 224. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[277] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 224. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[278] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 225. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[279] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 226. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[280] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 229. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[281] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 231. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[282] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 232. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[283] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 235. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[284] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 236. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[285] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 237. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[286] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 238. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[287] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 240. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[288] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 243. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[289] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 247. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[290] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 247. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[291] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 248. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[292] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 248. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[293] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 250. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[294] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 251. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[295] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 254. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[296] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 254. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[297] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 255. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[298] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 256. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[299] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 257. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[300] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 257. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[301] Schaff, Philip. History Of The Christian Church (The Complete Eight Volumes In One) (Kindle Locations 65-66).  . Kindle Edition.

[302] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 258. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[303] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 261. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[304] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 262. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[305] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 263. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[306] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 266. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[307] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 268. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[308] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 274. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[309] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 276. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[310] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 279. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[311] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 283. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[312] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 284. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[313] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 286. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[314] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 287. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[315] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 290. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[316] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 291. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[317] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 291. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[318] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 294. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[319] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 294. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[320] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 297. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[321] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 303. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[322] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 304. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[323] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 305-306. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[324] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 306. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[325] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 307. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[326] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 309. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[327] Leith, John H. Creeds of the Churches: A Reader in Christian Doctrine, From the Bible to the Present. p. 57-59. 3rd ed. Atlanta, GA: John Knox Press, 1982.

[328] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 316. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[329] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 320. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[330] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 324-325. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[331] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 325. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[332] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 330. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[333] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 331. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[334] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 333. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[335] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 338. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[336] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 341-342. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[337] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 342-343. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[338] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 343. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[339] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 344. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[340] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 347. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[341] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 350. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[342] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 351. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[343] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 353. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[344] Schaff, Philip. History Of The Christian Church (The Complete Eight Volumes In One) (Kindle Locations 82-83).  . Kindle Edition.

[345] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 357. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[346] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 364. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[347] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 366. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[348] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 371. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[349] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 375. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[350] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 376. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[351] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 380. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[352] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 382. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[353] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 385. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[354] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 388. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[355] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 391. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[356] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 394. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[357] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 396. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[358] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 401. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[359] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 405. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[360] Leith, John H. Creeds of the Churches: A Reader in Christian Doctrine, From the Bible to the Present. p. 60. 3rd ed. Atlanta, GA: John Knox Press, 1982.

[361] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 410. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[362] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 413. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[363] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 415. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[364] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 420. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[365] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 423. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[366] Bainton, Roland H.. Here I Stand: A Life of Martin Luther (Kindle Locations 196-197). Abingdon Press. Kindle Edition.

[367] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 427. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[368]  Bainton, Roland H.. Here I Stand: A Life of Martin Luther (Kindle Locations 196-197). Abingdon Press. Kindle Edition.

[369] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 431. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[370]  Bainton, Roland H.. Here I Stand: A Life of Martin Luther (Kindle Locations 196-197). Abingdon Press. Kindle Edition.

[371]  Bainton, Roland H.. Here I Stand: A Life of Martin Luther (Kindle Locations 196-197). Abingdon Press. Kindle Edition.

[372]  Bainton, Roland H.. Here I Stand: A Life of Martin Luther (Kindle Locations 196-197). Abingdon Press. Kindle Edition.

[373]  Bainton, Roland H.. Here I Stand: A Life of Martin Luther (Kindle Locations 196-197). Abingdon Press. Kindle Edition.

[374] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 436-438. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[375] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 438. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[376]  Bainton, Roland H.. Here I Stand: A Life of Martin Luther (Kindle Locations 196-197). Abingdon Press. Kindle Edition.

[377]  Bainton, Roland H.. Here I Stand: A Life of Martin Luther (Kindle Locations 196-197). Abingdon Press. Kindle Edition.

[378]  Bainton, Roland H.. Here I Stand: A Life of Martin Luther (Kindle Locations 196-197). Abingdon Press. Kindle Edition.

[379]  Bainton, Roland H.. Here I Stand: A Life of Martin Luther (Kindle Locations 196-197). Abingdon Press. Kindle Edition.

[380]  Bainton, Roland H.. Here I Stand: A Life of Martin Luther (Kindle Locations 196-197). Abingdon Press. Kindle Edition.

[381]  Bainton, Roland H.. Here I Stand: A Life of Martin Luther (Kindle Locations 196-197). Abingdon Press. Kindle Edition.

[382]  Bainton, Roland H.. Here I Stand: A Life of Martin Luther (Kindle Locations 196-197). Abingdon Press. Kindle Edition.

[383]  Bainton, Roland H.. Here I Stand: A Life of Martin Luther (Kindle Locations 196-197). Abingdon Press. Kindle Edition.

[384]  Bainton, Roland H.. Here I Stand: A Life of Martin Luther (Kindle Locations 196-197). Abingdon Press. Kindle Edition.

[385] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 441. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[386]  Bainton, Roland H.. Here I Stand: A Life of Martin Luther (Kindle Locations 196-197). Abingdon Press. Kindle Edition.

[387]  Bainton, Roland H.. Here I Stand: A Life of Martin Luther (Kindle Locations 196-197). Abingdon Press. Kindle Edition.

[388]  Bainton, Roland H.. Here I Stand: A Life of Martin Luther (Kindle Locations 196-197). Abingdon Press. Kindle Edition.

[389]  Bainton, Roland H.. Here I Stand: A Life of Martin Luther (Kindle Locations 196-197). Abingdon Press. Kindle Edition.

[390]  Bainton, Roland H.. Here I Stand: A Life of Martin Luther (Kindle Locations 196-197). Abingdon Press. Kindle Edition.

[391]  Bainton, Roland H.. Here I Stand: A Life of Martin Luther (Kindle Locations 196-197). Abingdon Press. Kindle Edition.

[392]  Bainton, Roland H.. Here I Stand: A Life of Martin Luther (Kindle Locations 196-197). Abingdon Press. Kindle Edition.

[393]  Bainton, Roland H.. Here I Stand: A Life of Martin Luther (Kindle Locations 196-197). Abingdon Press. Kindle Edition.

[394]  Bainton, Roland H.. Here I Stand: A Life of Martin Luther (Kindle Locations 196-197). Abingdon Press. Kindle Edition.

[395]  Bainton, Roland H.. Here I Stand: A Life of Martin Luther (Kindle Locations 196-197). Abingdon Press. Kindle Edition.

[396]  Bainton, Roland H.. Here I Stand: A Life of Martin Luther (Kindle Locations 196-197). Abingdon Press. Kindle Edition.

[397]  Bainton, Roland H.. Here I Stand: A Life of Martin Luther (Kindle Locations 196-197). Abingdon Press. Kindle Edition.

[398]  Bainton, Roland H.. Here I Stand: A Life of Martin Luther (Kindle Locations 196-197). Abingdon Press. Kindle Edition.

[399]  Bainton, Roland H.. Here I Stand: A Life of Martin Luther (Kindle Locations 196-197). Abingdon Press. Kindle Edition.

[400]  Bainton, Roland H.. Here I Stand: A Life of Martin Luther (Kindle Locations 196-197). Abingdon Press. Kindle Edition.

[401]  Bainton, Roland H.. Here I Stand: A Life of Martin Luther (Kindle Locations 196-197). Abingdon Press. Kindle Edition.

[402]  Bainton, Roland H.. Here I Stand: A Life of Martin Luther (Kindle Locations 196-197). Abingdon Press. Kindle Edition.

[403]  Bainton, Roland H.. Here I Stand: A Life of Martin Luther (Kindle Locations 196-197). Abingdon Press. Kindle Edition.

[404]  Bainton, Roland H.. Here I Stand: A Life of Martin Luther (Kindle Locations 196-197). Abingdon Press. Kindle Edition.

[405]  Bainton, Roland H.. Here I Stand: A Life of Martin Luther (Kindle Locations 196-197). Abingdon Press. Kindle Edition.

[406]  Bainton, Roland H.. Here I Stand: A Life of Martin Luther (Kindle Locations 196-197). Abingdon Press. Kindle Edition.

[407]  Bainton, Roland H.. Here I Stand: A Life of Martin Luther (Kindle Locations 196-197). Abingdon Press. Kindle Edition.

[408]  Bainton, Roland H.. Here I Stand: A Life of Martin Luther (Kindle Locations 196-197). Abingdon Press. Kindle Edition.

[409]  Bainton, Roland H.. Here I Stand: A Life of Martin Luther (Kindle Locations 196-197). Abingdon Press. Kindle Edition.

[410] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 446. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[411] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 450. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[412] Loetscher, Lefferts A. A Brief History of the Presbyterians. p. 41. Revised & Enlarged ed. Philadelphia, PA: Westminster Press, 1958.

[413] Leith, John H. Creeds of the Churches: A Reader in Christian Doctrine, From the Bible to the Present. p. 108-126. 3rd ed. Atlanta, GA: John Knox Press, 1982.

[414] Leith, John H. Creeds of the Churches: A Reader in Christian Doctrine, From the Bible to the Present. p. 63-107. 3rd ed. Atlanta, GA: John Knox Press, 1982.

[415]  Bainton, Roland H.. Here I Stand: A Life of Martin Luther (Kindle Locations 196-197). Abingdon Press. Kindle Edition.

[416]  Bainton, Roland H.. Here I Stand: A Life of Martin Luther (Kindle Locations 196-197). Abingdon Press. Kindle Edition.

[417] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 454. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[418]  Bainton, Roland H.. Here I Stand: A Life of Martin Luther (Kindle Locations 196-197). Abingdon Press. Kindle Edition.

[419]  Bainton, Roland H.. Here I Stand: A Life of Martin Luther (Kindle Locations 196-197). Abingdon Press. Kindle Edition.

[420]  Bainton, Roland H.. Here I Stand: A Life of Martin Luther (Kindle Locations 196-197). Abingdon Press. Kindle Edition.

[421]  Bainton, Roland H.. Here I Stand: A Life of Martin Luther (Kindle Locations 196-197). Abingdon Press. Kindle Edition.

[422]  Bainton, Roland H.. Here I Stand: A Life of Martin Luther (Kindle Locations 196-197). Abingdon Press. Kindle Edition.

[423]  Bainton, Roland H.. Here I Stand: A Life of Martin Luther (Kindle Locations 196-197). Abingdon Press. Kindle Edition.

[424]  Bainton, Roland H.. Here I Stand: A Life of Martin Luther (Kindle Locations 196-197). Abingdon Press. Kindle Edition.

[425]  Bainton, Roland H.. Here I Stand: A Life of Martin Luther (Kindle Locations 196-197). Abingdon Press. Kindle Edition.

[426] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 458. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[427] Trinity Hymnal. p. 1. Revised Edition ed. 11th Printing. Suwanee, GA: Great Commission Publications, 2003.

[428] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 461. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[429] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 462. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[430] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 466. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[431] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 471. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[432] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 474. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[433] Loetscher, Lefferts A. A Brief History of the Presbyterians. p. 28. Revised & Enlarged ed. Philadelphia, PA: Westminster Press, 1958.

[434] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 478. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[435] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 482. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[436] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 482. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[437] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 483. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[438] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 483. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[439] McBeth, H. Leon. The Baptist Heritage. p. 28. B&H Publishing Group. Kindle Edition.

[440] Loetscher, Lefferts A. A Brief History of the Presbyterians. p. 28. Revised & Enlarged ed. Philadelphia, PA: Westminster Press, 1958.

[441] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 488. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[442] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 488. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[443] McBeth, H. Leon. The Baptist Heritage. p. 34. B&H Publishing Group. Kindle Edition.

[444] McBeth, H. Leon. The Baptist Heritage. p. 38. B&H Publishing Group. Kindle Edition.

[445] Loetscher, Lefferts A. A Brief History of the Presbyterians. p. 31. Revised & Enlarged ed. Philadelphia, PA: Westminster Press, 1958.

[446] Loetscher, Lefferts A. A Brief History of the Presbyterians. p. 50. Revised & Enlarged ed. Philadelphia, PA: Westminster Press, 1958.

[447] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 491. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[448] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 493. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[449] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 498. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[450] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 503. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[451] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 507. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[452] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 510. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[453] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 512. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[454] Loetscher, Lefferts A. A Brief History of the Presbyterians. p. 28. Revised & Enlarged ed. Philadelphia, PA: Westminster Press, 1958.

[455] Loetscher, Lefferts A. A Brief History of the Presbyterians. p. 36. Revised & Enlarged ed. Philadelphia, PA: Westminster Press, 1958.

[456] Loetscher, Lefferts A. A Brief History of the Presbyterians. p. 44. Revised & Enlarged ed. Philadelphia, PA: Westminster Press, 1958.

[457] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 516. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[458] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 518. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[459] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 522. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[460] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 525. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[461] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 526. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[462] Loetscher, Lefferts A. A Brief History of the Presbyterians. p. 56. Revised & Enlarged ed. Philadelphia, PA: Westminster Press, 1958.

[463] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 529. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[464] Loetscher, Lefferts A. A Brief History of the Presbyterians. p. 36. Revised & Enlarged ed. Philadelphia, PA: Westminster Press, 1958.

[465] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 532. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[466] Loetscher, Lefferts A. A Brief History of the Presbyterians. p. 59-60. Revised & Enlarged ed. Philadelphia, PA: Westminster Press, 1958.

[467] Loetscher, Lefferts A. A Brief History of the Presbyterians. p. 60. Revised & Enlarged ed. Philadelphia, PA: Westminster Press, 1958.

[468] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 537. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[469] Loetscher, Lefferts A. A Brief History of the Presbyterians. p. 60. Revised & Enlarged ed. Philadelphia, PA: Westminster Press, 1958.

[470] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 540. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[471] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 544. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[472] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 549. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[473] Loetscher, Lefferts A. A Brief History of the Presbyterians. p. 46. Revised & Enlarged ed. Philadelphia, PA: Westminster Press, 1958.

[474] Loetscher, Lefferts A. A Brief History of the Presbyterians. p. 74. Revised & Enlarged ed. Philadelphia, PA: Westminster Press, 1958.

[475] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 553. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[476] Loetscher, Lefferts A. A Brief History of the Presbyterians. p. 75. Revised & Enlarged ed. Philadelphia, PA: Westminster Press, 1958.

[477] Loetscher, Lefferts A. A Brief History of the Presbyterians. p. 75. Revised & Enlarged ed. Philadelphia, PA: Westminster Press, 1958.

[478] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 557. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[479] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 558. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[480] Leith, John H. Creeds of the Churches: A Reader in Christian Doctrine, From the Bible to the Present. p. 334. 3rd ed. Atlanta, GA: John Knox Press, 1982.

[481] Loetscher, Lefferts A. A Brief History of the Presbyterians. p. 40. Revised & Enlarged ed. Philadelphia, PA: Westminster Press, 1958.

[482] Loetscher, Lefferts A. A Brief History of the Presbyterians. p. 36. Revised & Enlarged ed. Philadelphia, PA: Westminster Press, 1958.

[483] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 564. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[484] Loetscher, Lefferts A. A Brief History of the Presbyterians. p. 36. Revised & Enlarged ed. Philadelphia, PA: Westminster Press, 1958.

[485] Loetscher, Lefferts A. A Brief History of the Presbyterians. p. 88. Revised & Enlarged ed. Philadelphia, PA: Westminster Press, 1958.

[486] Loetscher, Lefferts A. A Brief History of the Presbyterians. p. 81. Revised & Enlarged ed. Philadelphia, PA: Westminster Press, 1958.

[487] Leith, John H. Creeds of the Churches: A Reader in Christian Doctrine, From the Bible to the Present. p. 339. 3rd ed. Atlanta, GA: John Knox Press, 1982.

[488] Loetscher, Lefferts A. A Brief History of the Presbyterians. p. 90. Revised & Enlarged ed. Philadelphia, PA: Westminster Press, 1958.

[489] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 570. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[490] Loetscher, Lefferts A. A Brief History of the Presbyterians. p. 37. Revised & Enlarged ed. Philadelphia, PA: Westminster Press, 1958.

[491] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 576. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[492] Loetscher, Lefferts A. A Brief History of the Presbyterians. p. 91. Revised & Enlarged ed. Philadelphia, PA: Westminster Press, 1958.

[493] Loetscher, Lefferts A. A Brief History of the Presbyterians. p. 87. Revised & Enlarged ed. Philadelphia, PA: Westminster Press, 1958.

[494] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 580. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[495] Loetscher, Lefferts A. A Brief History of the Presbyterians. p. 95. Revised & Enlarged ed. Philadelphia, PA: Westminster Press, 1958.

[496] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 582. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[497] Leith, John H. Creeds of the Churches: A Reader in Christian Doctrine, From the Bible to the Present. p. 343. 3rd ed. Atlanta, GA: John Knox Press, 1982.

[498] Loetscher, Lefferts A. A Brief History of the Presbyterians. p. 37. Revised & Enlarged ed. Philadelphia, PA: Westminster Press, 1958.

[499] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 587. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[500]  Burrows, Millar. The Dead Sea Scrolls. p. 4. Tenth ed. New York, NY: Viking Press, 1957.

[501] Loetscher, Lefferts A. A Brief History of the Presbyterians. p. 96. Revised & Enlarged ed. Philadelphia, PA: Westminster Press, 1958.

[502] Loetscher, Lefferts A. A Brief History of the Presbyterians. p. 49. Revised & Enlarged ed. Philadelphia, PA: Westminster Press, 1958.

[503] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 593. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[504] Trinity Hymnal. p. 7. Revised Edition ed. 11th Printing. Suwanee, GA: Great Commission Publications, 2003.

[505] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 599. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[506] Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. p. 604. Translated by Paul D. McCusker, J.D. Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

[507] “Popes of the Roman Catholic Church.” Catholic Online. Accessed November 30, 2016. http://www.catholic.org/pope/.

[508] Trinity Hymnal. p. 7. Revised Edition ed. 11th Printing. Suwanee, GA: Great Commission Publications, 2003.

[509] “Popes of the Roman Catholic Church.” Catholic Online. Accessed November 30, 2016. http://www.catholic.org/pope/.

[510] “Popes of the Roman Catholic Church.” Catholic Online. Accessed November 30, 2016. http://www.catholic.org/pope/.

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